This topic leads you through a simple example of how to render a scene in Houdini using Arnold. It assumes you have already read about how to install HtoA, and how to set up licensing (if you don't want watermarks in your renders).
|The scene file can be found here.|
- Once HtoA has been installed, start Houdini. A good way to check if the Arnold For Houdini plug-in is working is to create the Arnold ROP (Render Output) as this sources many scripts in its creation. In the Houdini network editor go to Outputs and create an Arnold ROP by tab-typing "arnold" or Tab > Render > Arnold.
This node contains all the render properties and is organized into tabs. These are all discussed further in the sub-topics of the Arnold Render Settings section. It is possible to have multiple Arnold ROPs with different settings in each for individual render situations.
- Let’s create some geometry for the scene. Create a grid to act as a floor. Click on the Create tab of the Houdini shelf, and Ctrl+click the Grid icon.
- Let's add a material to our floor. Go to the SHOP context (Shader Operators) and create an Arnold Standard Surface material (Tab > Arnold > Arnold Standard Surface). The Standard Surface shader can be used to create many types of materials and as such has a lot of parameters. The parameter interface is divided into groups (discussed in detail in their own sections). For now, let's just change the Base Color to a nice blue. To assign the shader, left-drag the arnold_standard1 node from the SHOP onto the Grid geometry or select it from the Material parameter of the grid object.
- Next, create a sphere, again by choosing from the Create tab of the Houdini shelf, and place it on the floor plane. By default, the sphere will intersect the floor plane in the y-axis (this will be obvious in shaded view, which you can switch to by pressing the 'w' key while in the main view). This is fine but scale up the sphere slightly and move it over to the right.
- For this object, let's assign another material but do it a slightly different way. Go to the SHOP and create an Arnold shader network (Tab > Arnold > Arnold Shader Network). Double click this material to enter VEX Builder. This is where the Arnold shaders can be connected together to create networks. Create a Standard Surface shader (Tab > Custom > Standard Surface) and connect it to the surface input of the Material Output node. Change the Base Color to a green. Assign the shader arnold_vopnet1 to the sphere object.
- Next, we'll create another object… let's choose a tube this time. Again, scale it up slightly and place it in the scene to the left of the sphere.
- Assign another new Standard Surface shader using either of the methods above. This time, set the Base Color to red.
- To render the scene, you will need to create a camera from the yellow box in the top right of the viewport. Zoom this camera in slightly to get a closer view.
- To add some illumination to the scene we need to create an Arnold Light. This node is used for all lights in Arnold for Houdini. By default, the Light Type is set to Point. Increase the Exposure to 2.
The native Houdini lights will not be translated, you can only use Arnold Lights.
By default, the point light will be located at the origin of the scene, and if you render, you should see that some light is coming through.
- You may need to move the light to see the shadow better. You may still find that the scene is darker than what you usually get with other renderers. That's because lights in Arnold have quadratic decay by default. So go ahead and increase the exposure of the light to 7.
- Increase the Radius of the light to 1 to get soft shadows.
- Select the attached Standard shader and change the Specular attribute to 1.0.
- Specular roughness needs to be zero for mirror reflections. Alter the Roughness attribute in the same area and enter a value of 0.
- One type of light that will be used very often is the skydome which illuminates the scene with an environment texture. Change the Light Type from Point to Skydome and bring the Exposure back down to 0.5. You will now have an evenly lit render.
- An HDR image can be assigned by changing Color Type to Texture and assigning the Environment Map above to the Color Texture. Lower the Exposure to -1.
That is the end of this short introductory tutorial. Now that you know how to assign and edit Arnold shaders and create Arnold lights, it might be useful to play around with various settings for a few minutes before reading on. You may also want to try some more tutorials.