Torus shape converted to mesh light (rollover image). Model kindly provided by Lee Perry Smith.
In situations where conventional light shapes will not suffice, mesh lights are more suitable. Mesh lights can be used to create interesting lighting effects that would not be possible any other way. For example, effects such as neon lighting or a car light motion trail effect can be achieved more easily with mesh lights.
Geometry converted to Mesh light
As well as the settings that are common to all lights, the Mesh light also has the following input.
Connect a polygon mesh to this parameter to create a mesh light.
You can see that even with Diffuse samples = 16, emission is noisier than a Mesh light with Diffuse samples = 2.
Below is another comparison test between a mesh light (left image), and a sphere with a highly emissive Standard shader assigned to it (right image). As you can see in the mesh light image, light is bounced around the scene, whereas there is no bounced light in the emissive sphere render. This is because the rays from the mesh light work in conjunction with the Diffuse rays, whereas, only the primary rays are considered when using emission only. Even with 6 Diffuse samples, the render using Emission only contains far more noise.
In the example below, Diffuse samples have been increased to ten to get a clean result using only Emission in the scene. With mesh light, the scene only requires three Diffuse samples.