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The native Bifrost volume does not currently work with GPU. However, volume data exported as VDB should work.

Arnold visibility attributes found under the bifShape node

Bifrost Graph Editor

The following Arnold nodes are available in the Bifrost Graph Editor. Click on the link to go to the relevant Arnold attributes.

Exporting to Ass / Kick workflow

When exporting to a .ass file for use with kick, you must run kick with the location of the Arnold-Bifrost procedural using the -l parameter, for example:

C:\solidangle\mtoadeploy\2018\bin\kick.exe volume_scene.ass -l "C:\Program Files\Autodesk\Bifrost\Maya2018\\bifrost\arnold-"

Note that when using Bifrost Graph Volumes, to export ass and kick you need to not expand procedurals.  In MtoA, this means in the .ass export options Expand Procedurals should be disabled.

User Data Support

Arnold-Bifrost will attempt to translate every Bifrost property to Arnold.  For built-in properties that correspond to a known Arnold built-in parameter, they will be translated as such and not as user data; however, all other properties encountered will be translated as user data so that they are made available to shaders and operators to use as they see fit.


The type and scope of user data in Arnold depends on the type of object being rendered, e.g. points only support constant and uniform user data, while polymesh supports constant, uniform, varying and indexed user data.  The following table shows which scopes are supported for which object types, and which types are supported overall:

Object Typeconstantuniformvaryingindexed
curves (Bifrost strands)YesYesYes (per-segment, also auto-converted from per-control-point)Yes (requires index/range property)
polymesh (Bifrost mesh)YesYesYes 
volume (Bifrost multiresolution tile tree)Yes   
implicit (Bifrost signed distance field)Yes   


The following are the types of Bifrost data supported, and their converted equivalent in Arnold.  Note that in some cases the data is truncated or loses precision to fit the Arnold type, such as double-to-float conversions.

Bifrost TypesArnold Component TypeArnold Type
signed char, signed short int, signed int, signed long intint32_tAI_TYPE_INT
unsigned charuint8_tAI_TYPE_BYTE
unsigned short int, unsigned int, unsigned long intuint32_tAI_TYPE_UINT
float, doublefloatAI_TYPE_FLOAT
char2, uchar2, short2, ushort2, int2, uint2, long2, ulong2, float2, double2floatAI_TYPE_VECTOR2 (AtVector2)
char3, uchar3, short3, ushort3, int3, uint3, long3, ulong3, float3, double3floatAI_TYPE_RGB (AtRGB)
char4, uchar4, short4, ushort4, int4, uint4, long4, ulong4, float4, double4floatAI_TYPE_RGBA (AtRGBA)
char3x3, uchar3x3, short3x3, ushort3x3, int3x3, uint3x3, long3x3, ulong3x3, float3x3, double3x3floatAI_TYPE_MATRIX (AtMatrix)
char4x4, uchar4x4, short4x4, ushort4x4, int4x4, uint4x4, long4x4, ulong4x4, float4x4, double4x4floatAI_TYPE_MATRIX (AtMatrix)
  • There are some Bifrost types not supported, such as the type2x2 or other non-square matrix variants.
  • Note also that only the types with a float component on the Arnold side can be used with varying or indexed user data.  String, integer or boolean data cannot be interpolated, so can only be used with constant or uniform user data. 



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